Christoffer Valgren and Achim J. Lilienthal
SIFT, SURF and Seasons: Long-term Outdoor Localization Using Local Features
Proc. European Conference on Mobile Robots (ECMR), 2007, pp. 253-258
Abstract: Local feature matching has become a commonly used method to compare images. For mobile robots, a reliable method for comparing images can constitute a key component for localization and loop closing tasks. In this paper, we address the issues of outdoor appearance-based topological localization for a mobile robot over time. Our data sets, each consisting of a large number of panoramic images, have been acquired over a period of nine months with large seasonal changes (snowcovered ground, bare trees, autumn leaves, dense foliage, etc.). Two different types of image feature algorithms, SIFT and the more recent SURF, have been used to compare the images. We show that two variants of SURF, called U-SURF and SURF-128, outperform the other algorithms in terms of accuracy and speed.
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Bibtex:
@INPROCEEDINGS{Valgren_Lilienthal:ECMR:2007,
  AUTHOR = {Valgren, Christoffer and Lilienthal, Achim J.},
  TITLE = {{SIFT}, {SURF} and Seasons: Long-term Outdoor Localization Using Local Features},
  BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the European Conference on Mobile Robots (ECMR)},
  YEAR = {2007},
  MONTH = {September 19--21},
  ADRESS = {Freiburg, Germany},
  PAGES = {253--258}
}